The Independent Spirit of Calf
The past decade has seen the rise of a new generation of independent animators in Japan.
In opposition to the dominant anime style associated with the country, innovative young artists are practising a wide range of animation techniques
These includes stop motion, collaborative animation, installation art, charcoal animation and other experimental styles.
Their rise has been so meteoric that international film and art critics have hardly begun to evaluate the cultural significance of their work.
This is partly due to a lack of availability of the films overseas. Animated shorts tend to make a tour of the festival circuit, but then are not seen abroad again for years.